The definition of technology
The term is nothing more than a set of techniques and knowledge that, when applied in an orderly and logical manner by man, makes him study, analyze, repair, and consider the best alternatives in order to have a fuller, safer, and more peaceful life.
The definition of technology
Since ancient times, human beings have sought and found a variety of knowledge that has given them the experience that has led them to improve their lives.
Technology is part of that knowledge, which is why it is in constant movement, innovation, and complete evolution, revolutionizing different industries around the world, ranging from everyday life improvements to complicated ones such as engineering. , informatics, physics, communication, and above all in health, since in the field of medicine their achievements have greatly increased in terms of methods to save lives.
This word is made up of two Greek words, “tekne” which means technique, and art, and “logia” which gives a translation of skill, that is, it is the technique or skill of something or about something.
The history of technology
The term combines the technique of improving a space with the different revolutions that have arisen in recent centuries, specifically the industrial revolution, in it, a before and after was marked in technology, since the work by hand step by step.
to be a serial work produced by a steam-based machine with which some type of tool and transport belt moved in it, thus developing a raw material in greater quantity, better budget, and of excellent quality.
It is important to highlight the fact that these techniques have always existed since man began as a simple nomad. Primitive men used improvised tools with which they survived in high-risk spaces. (See Is technology the future? On the verge of change)
As human language developed, technology, which was purely for the purpose of caring for the family, adapted to the individual until the world became a technological paradise that was habitable and comfortable in every way.
Through these, serial production has been improved, which had a boom at the beginning of the 20th century, thanks to entrepreneurs such as Ransom Olds (creator of the assembly line) and Henry Ford, who innovated the assembly line.
In the same way, technological science can be very close to the economy of a company since, in view of the machinery that it may have, its final product will depend.
The origin of the technology
It arose from the need that man had to cover his needs in an easier and simpler way, that is, to do more work in the shortest possible time and in a less burdensome way.
Many technologies had names of techniques, such as agriculture and livestock, which emerged from trial and error.
Later, through science, they were technified until they became technologies. Due to economic growth and the influence they have on society, many technological devices have emerged that are part of people’s daily lives.
The evolution of technology
New technologies have created a new training model framed in education and the development of societies. The passage through communication has opened a possibility for interaction, diversity in information media, and self-learning.
Thanks to these innovations and their application, the standard of living has improved, as mentioned before, in the satisfaction of needs.
In education, a student with the use of a computer can research, carry out work, and online procedures using the web and thus be more efficient and productive.
A person who is fond of reading and without the financial means to buy a book can download its content through the internet, they only need to have a tablet, a smartphone, or a computer.
The need for communication has turned mobile phones (cell phones) into a very important tool, their technologies advance daily, allowing communication from anywhere in the world, and in addition to this, it has features of new entertainment, games, and applications.
When it comes to health, technology has provided great tools and goods to save lives and prevent disease. Technological advances in surgery, clinical analysis, and general medicine.
Advances and emerging technologies
Technological innovations are closely linked to the development and solutions to problems that humanity has had. Research and technical studies related to how to reverse paralysis in a person are currently being carried out.
In this case, progress is being made in spinal cord injuries, in a technological effort to regain mobility, abilities, and senses, so cochlear implants were created for people with hearing loss.
Experiments are being conducted to reverse blindness using chips in the eyes to bring back memories and cure Alzheimer’s.
Technological progress is shown through the technology news that is published daily both in the written press and on social networks, in fact, among the examples is the Italian visual artist Davide Quayola, in his eagerness to discover, recreates sculptures of Laocoon through robots and their animation techniques.
Emerging technologies are innovations that can create a new industry or transform an existing one. Among the emerging technologies that have generated the greatest passion among experts are:
- Personalized medicine: they are tools for advanced diagnosis and designed for the adaptation of medicine according to the specific needs of each patient, in such a way that the symptoms of the diseases can be detected and the probability of contracting it can be quantified.
- 3D metal printing: It is a type of technology that uses lasers to weld thin layers of metal powder for the production of resistant and complex parts.
- At Cambridge University in the UK, embryologists are developing mouse embryos from stem cells. They created an embryo with no eggs or sperm, just cells taken from another embryo. Sperm and eggs are created in a laboratory from the skin of stem cells. This will allow reproduction in women of any age, infertile people, and same-sex couples. From a social point of view, this technology could have revolutionary consequences, such as a woman being able to have a child regardless of her age.
Types of technology
Nowadays, and thanks to the evolution that the technological world has had, different types of technologies have emerged. (see What Are The Technology Skills? With Examples)
It is that type of technology that can be adjusted to any product, that is, it is not limited, this allows its scope of application to be much broader.
An example of this type of technology is cell phones, which were originally designed to make and receive calls, however, today mobile phones are used to surf the internet, watch videos, and movies, take photos, etc.
It refers to advanced concepts of organization, management, and marketing. Soft technologies include the human areas of decision making, strategy development, and training.
The product of advanced technology is not tangible and does not allow the administration’s objectives to reach institutions and organizations.
The priorities of soft technology are to improve the use of raw materials and production, processing, and conservation systems; development of functional and safe food crops and foods; improvement of traditional technologies; quality control and quality assurance, including the development of methods to measure quality, etc.
They are tangible components that can be purchased and assembled into assistive technology systems. They include everything from simple rods to computers and software.
Its characteristics should be in line with current technologies, always from an ecological point of view, and in line with the safety and efficiency standards required by modern life.
It is the one used through the use of technological devices for totally educational purposes, thus increasing access to information and elements that complement the teaching given in the classroom.
With the use of educational technology, students can interact and learn through different platforms and virtual spaces, allowing them to continue their distance learning.
They are those created by man and for man, where the environmental impact is minimized almost entirely with respect to existing energy sources.
Nowadays, more and more ecological innovations are leaving conventional ones behind, among them, the power of nanotubes, vertical farms, zenith solar technology, and solar roof tiles.
There are many images of this type of technology on the web that will serve as a guide to understanding more about this aspect.
It is the knowledge of the characteristics and specifications of a product or service designed according to the needs of the manufacturing process and the market.
It is based on the specific tools for the manufacture of the product or service, its method, procedure, design specifications, materials, standards, and personnel.
They are relatively new sciences and technology, applied to many fields of research. It consists of the study, analysis, structuring, formation, design, and operation of materials at molecular scales.
It is based on obtaining and using the elements of metabolism based on certain microorganisms, these can be found in the animal, plant, microbial cells, and their derivatives to create products or processes for specific uses of goods and services useful to man.
Man uses his technology to design more comfortable environments for life, explores the fields of possibilities in favor of well-being, and in his search, he finds the faculties and powers that mother nature has, that is why he exploits her and takes your highest potential, for your benefit.
It is a video structure that presents a high resolution compared to the standard described, since it is capable of reaching resolutions of up to more than 1280 pixels wide by 720 pixels high, thus offering a much more powerful definition than the standard.
HD technology represents a great advance for the modern world as it allows people to enjoy a little more naturalness and realism in the movies they watch on television and in video games.
Technology has become an ally in the fight to stop the disappearance of species due to extinction due to the rapid advance of degradation and biodiversity.
Different NGOs, as well as institutions, have developed projects to stop this unfortunate situation and technology is forming part of this important work.
An example of this is the work of the Parque Reunidos Foundation, which has an essential technology project in the Madrid zoo to save the monk seal and the moor gazelle.
Communication and information technologies
Information technology is a term that encompasses everything related to the storage, protection, processing, and transmission of information.
This concept encompasses everything related to computers, electronics, and telecommunications.
Technological advances such as the Internet, mobile communications, satellites, etc. have made significant changes in the economic and social system, influencing social relations.
Importance of technology
Technological advances have become an essential part of the daily life of human beings, the environment where it develops, and technology is present in society to make life simpler and more pleasant.
The great nations of the world have become great containers of the most advanced technological creations.
This is why technology in society provides a large number of benefits, among them, are the following:
- Makes difficult daily tasks easier.
- Communication has improved through excellent gadgets.
- It allows the creation of projects at different scales that facilitate the development of the ability to think and engineer.
- You learn to work electricity in a safer way.
- Objects are made with recyclable material.
- It facilitates communication with people who are far away, through calls or video calls.
- It enables interactions between people, through video games, mobile applications, and social networks.
- The construction and evolution of machines help meet the needs of human beings.
- Avoid deforestation, since it allows knowing the good use that should be given to wood.
It is the set of knowledge that includes that practical or technical knowledge, of a mechanical or industrial nature, that enable man to modify natural conditions to make his life more useful and pleasant.
New technologies enable man through the use of these artificially constructed tools, to open a world without borders through the use of computers, which have incorporated services such as the Internet, where knowledge and human interaction overcome distances.
The term can also refer to specific technologies, such as industrial machines, computers, harvesters, etc.
It is very difficult to establish the difference between technology and technique, stating, strictly speaking, that technology is more rational knowledge, and technique is mostly based on experience.
Technology has advanced so much that, although it is a source of progress, without control or forecast, it compromises the future of the planet by contributing to environmental pollution.
The use of technology is not new to man, who incorporated these tools into his life almost simultaneously with his appearance on Earth.
However, the technologies that emerged in the RevolutionIndustrial, meant a before and after in human work, from craft to factory, where machines began mass production.
This brought consequences on a personal and social level.
The man had to learn to use the machinery, which enhanced the performance of his work, but this also enslaved him, replaced him, and took away his creativity, to the point that at one point man broke the machines as a sign of protest, until who understood that progress could not be stopped.
Since the end of the last century, information technology has once again revolutionized the field of technology.
Industries use technologies rated as low, medium, or high, depending on their cost, complexity, durability, and the handling capacity they require.
Technological progress has had great achievements with the creation of the microchip (closed circuit, especially microprocessors, used in household appliances, computers, or cell phones).
This very modern technology creates products that are constantly renewed, due to the appearance of increasingly sophisticated models.
Within information technologies, it is worth noting the invention of the printing press in the fifteenth century, passing through the electric telegraph in 1835, the telephone in 1876, the projection of the first film in 1895, and television, which was seen for the first time.
in England in 1936, they amazed man himself with the capacity for technological advancement in this area.
But it did not stop there: in 1943 the first electronic computer appeared, beginning in 1950 the use of transistors, until reaching a fully computerized society like the current one, which allowed the acceleration of intercultural exchange and the approximation of markets.